Nvidia RTX 4090 vs. RTX 3090 vs. RTX 3090 Ti


The Nvidia RTX 4090 is an upcoming flagship graphics card that appears set to dominate high-end gaming PCs and benchmark top-10 lists within the not-too-distant future. With out a lot information of AMD’s upcoming next-generation playing cards, although, the dialog falls to how effectively the RTX 4090 will fare in opposition to the present kings of the hill: the RTX 3090 and RTX 3090 Ti.

Will these soon-to-be last-generation playing cards nonetheless maintain their very own, or is the RTX 4090 set to dominate in unprecedented trend?



Nvidia launched (nearly) the complete specs for the RTX 4090 at its GTC keynote speech, debuting it alongside the RTX 4080 for the primary time.

RTX 4090 RTX 3090 Ti RTX 3090
Structure Ada Lovelace Ampere Ampere
GPU AD102 GA102 GA102
Course of node 4nm TSMC 8nm Samsung 8nm Samsung
CUDA cores 16,384 10,752 10,496
RT cores 144 Third-gen (rumored) 84 82
Tensor cores 576 4th-gen (rumored) 336 328
Base clock 2,235 MHz 1,560MHz 1,395Mhz
Increase clock 2,520 MHz 1,860 MHz 1,695MHz
Reminiscence 24GB GDDR6X 24GB GDD6X 24GB GDDR6X
Reminiscence pace 21 Gbps (rumored) 21Gbps 19.5Gbps
Reminiscence bus width 384-bit 384-bit 384-bit
Bandwidth 1,1018GBps (rumored) 1,018GBps 936GBps
TDP 450W 450W 350W

With the following technology of GPUs, we’ll see a giant uptick in CUDA cores once more, in addition to extra RT and Tensor cores serving to to ship sooner ray tracing and higher DLSS. Clock speeds have taken a giant leap too, which can assist ship the large efficiency positive factors Nvidia is claiming are attainable, as will the following technology of Nvidia RT and tensor cores. We don’t but have confirmed numbers on these new cores, however a graph was proven throughout Nvidia’s GTC showcase that steered they may are available in a lot higher numbers, too.

Ada Lovelace GPU structure.

The added effectivity of the brand new structure on its new 4nm course of is what seems to have allowed Nvidia to lift core rely and clock speeds so dramatically whereas sustaining the identical energy necessities because the RTX 3090 Ti. That’s nonetheless a giant TDP, nevertheless it’s definitely extra manageable than a number of the rumored totals that have been doing the rounds in latest weeks.

Reminiscence configurations appear to stay a lot the identical because the RTX 3090 Ti, although they nonetheless symbolize a giant uplift over the RTX 3090.

Pricing and launch

The RTX 3090 was launched in September 2020, shortly after the flagship RTX 3080. Its value was initially $1,500, nevertheless it fluctuated significantly over the previous two years, rising to over $3,000 at occasions. On the time of writing, you should purchase it for round $1,100 at most retailers.

The RTX 3090 Ti launched in March 2022 with a debut value of $2,000. Shortages on the time meant it may hit $4,000 in some instances, however costs got here crashing down shortly after, and at present it may be discovered for as little as $1,200.

The RTX 4090 first debuted at Nvidia’s GTC keynote speech on September 20. It would launch on October 12, with a price ticket of $1,599. That’s a giant drop from the 3090 Ti’s launch value, exhibiting that Nvidia isn’t elevating prices dramatically throughout the board, however it’s lifting it from the unique RTX 3090’s value, suggesting we may even see a modest bump in card costs all through this new technology of GPUs.


The Nvidia RTX 4090 is undoubtedly going to be sooner than the RTX 3090 and 3090 Ti, however the query is: by how a lot?

Nvidia didn’t go into nice element with first-party benchmarks at its GTC showcase, as a substitute claiming that the Ada Lovelace GPU on the coronary heart of its new card is able to as much as a two-times uplift generally rasterization efficiency and as much as a four-times enhance in ray tracing efficiency when DLSS is enabled. It solely cited just a few video games in these comparisons, claiming that the two-times enhance in efficiency may very well be seen in Microsoft Flight Simulator and as much as a three-times enhance in efficiency within the newly-announced Portal RTX mod.

Nvidia RTX 4090 graphics card.

Some allegedly leaked benchmarks of the RTX 4090 recommend it’ll simply break all data, even when paired with a weak CPU. That might make sense, however we’ll reserve judgment on simply how good this card is till we’ve had an opportunity to check it ourselves.

We do have some information on the RTX 3090 and 3090 Ti from our earlier testing, however that largely confirmed a minor development from one card to the opposite. The RTX 4090 is more likely to supply a much more dramatic uplift in efficiency.

Gaming results for the RTX 3090 Ti.


Just like the 3090 Ti and 3090 earlier than it, the RTX 4090 will help each ray tracing and DLSS. Additionally, due to its higher RT and Tensor core counts and next-generation {hardware}, it’ll see a giant efficiency bump when both or each are enabled, in comparison with the earlier technology. Nvidia talked up its new DLSS 3 algorithm at GTC, showcasing that it could actually result in an enormous uplift in efficiency when enabled. That can be game-dependent, nevertheless, requiring particular implementation, so like earlier DLSS releases, its affect can be restricted to begin with.

The RTX 4090 will be capable to leverage DLSS 1 and DLSS 2 much better than its predecessors, although, so it’s attainable that this card can be able to a lot greater body charges in ray tracing and DLSS video games, even perhaps enabling 8K gaming in some instances. That’s one thing that Nvidia teased when it first debuted the RTX 3000 collection, nevertheless it wasn’t viable outdoors of some handpicked video games, with DLSS doing many of the heavy lifting. The RTX 4090, nevertheless, might need the facility and have set to do it.

The jury’s out — for now

It’s nonetheless too early to inform how effectively these playing cards will face off in opposition to each other in the true world, though to date, all indications level to the RTX 4090 dominating from a efficiency standpoint however requiring quite a lot of energy in flip. It’s huge, costly, and power-hungry, however it’s set to be the brand new flagship card from Nvidia for a while to return.

Watch this house for in-depth protection of the cardboard and what it could actually do as soon as the embargo lifts on our assessment.

Now all eyes flip to what AMD has deliberate with its upcoming RDNA 3 technology of GPUs.

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