Nvidia RTX 4090 vs 3090 – Ada vs Ampere high finish


Final Up to date:

We now have a look and see what the next-gen has to supply in opposition to the present. We examine the RTX 4090 vs 3090 with how they’re prone to line up.

Because the RTX 4090 is but to be confirmed or the specs launched we go off the rumors. Though these are prone to change earlier than the discharge we are going to preserve our related pages up to date.

Whereas the RTX 3090 got here out in September 2020 as a part of the 30 sequence. Whereas the RTX 4090 is predicted out within the second half of 2022, almost definitely additional down the road.

Though the 3090 was the flagship initially the 3090 Ti took that spot. And it’s probably that the 4090 would be the flagship for the RTX 4000 sequence initially.

Each are on the forefront because the greatest graphics card for his or her technology.

MSI RTX 3090 Gmaing Trio X

MSI Gaming GeForce RTX 3090 Gaming X Trio 24G

Clock Velocity

1785MHz Increase Clock (OC)

Thermal Design

TRI FROZR Cooling Resolution


The 2 playing cards are from two completely different generations. With an architectural and foundry change once more for Nvidia. Altering the core processing on the coronary heart of the cardboard.

The 3090 is predicated on the Ampere structure, with the GA102-300 GPU variant. Created with Samsungs 8nm course of it creates a die of 628mm² in dimension with 28.3 billion transistors.

Whereas the 4090 goes to be on the Ada/Lovelace structure with the AD102-300 chip. Which itself has been moved again to TSMC and its 5nm course of. With a die dimension of 611mm² however with an unknown variety of transistors.

Though the newer chip could also be smaller, it does have a extra compact construct. So it’s doable to suit extra within it and so it’s going to probably characteristic a better rely of transistors.

RTX 3090 side on


RTX 4090 RTX 3090
GPU AD102-300 GA102-30
GPU course of TSMC 5nm Samsung 8nm
CUDA cores 16,384 10,496
Base clock 2,235 MHz 1,395 MHz
Increase clock 2,520 MHz 1,695 MHz
Reminiscence 24GB GDDR6X 24GB GDDR6X
Reminiscence clock 21 Gbps 19.5 Gbps
Reminiscence bus 384-bit 384-bit
TDP 450W 350W

These are the rumored specs so these could change and should not remaining. However we will examine and see what to anticipate from the upcoming mannequin.

Seeing how they examine on the important thing options we could learn about. In addition to informing you why they’re vital.

CUDA cores

CUDA stands for Compute Unified Machine Structure. These are parallel processors on Nvidia graphics playing cards engaged on creating the ultimate picture.

They’re chargeable for all of the processing aimed on the graphics card. Together with rely quantity, there will be adjustments in effectivity enhancing graphics efficiency.

The older Ampere card options 10,496 cores. While the Ada card may doubtlessly characteristic 16,384. A big enhance probably resulting in improved efficiency.

RTX 3090 close up


Also called the clock fee of the processor, it’s the pace of processing. With how shortly the graphics and directions get completed by way of the cardboard.

It’s how shortly the silicon crystals flip that determines the stat. The spec will be performed with and is usually topic to overclocking. However does result in elevated temperatures and energy offering these additional frames.

If the present rumors are right, then the brand new gen presents a lot sooner speeds. With the charges rising by practically 1,000 MHz.

With the 4090 base clock at 2,235 MHz up from 1,395 MHz. While the increase clock up from 1,695 MHz to 2,520 MHz.

Which can enhance the efficiency with increased framerates and decrease body instances.


Video reminiscence is the RAM of the graphics card. It’s utilized as a body buffer and pixel retailer for enhancing framerates.

It’s most vital for increased resolutions. Reaching 4k and past will want extra pixels and due to this fact capability and pace to maintain it going.

Between the 2 the VRAM is saved the identical. With 24GB of GDDR6X in addition to utilizing a 384-bit reminiscence bus.

The place they differ is the reminiscence clock. There the brand new gen card improves the pace by over 2 Gbps. Reaching 21 Gbps over 19.5, additional rising the quickness of the Ada playing cards.


The thermal design energy of a card is the entire vitality consumed beneath full utilization. It’s the most it’s going to eat at any level.

This additionally determines how a lot warmth the cardboard provides off. Coming from the work the chip does in such a small space.

So evaluating the 2 we see a big enhance in energy consumption. There’s a probably 100W distinction between the 2 GPUs.

With the 4090 the one reaching to 450W. Nearer to the consumption of the 3090 Ti than the 3090.

This has led to a lot bigger cooling options like 4 slot playing cards. So it is very important take into account the place you’re placing it or take into account water cooling your card.

RTX 3090 Ti GPU 13

RTX 4090 vs 3090 efficiency

We now have to attend for the brand new card to return out earlier than we get an in-game efficiency. Nevertheless, there are some preliminary performances and benchmarks we will discover.

There are some leaks as to the Time Spy Excessive scores that the cardboard can obtain. A part of 3DMarks benchmarks, it provides GPUs a graphics rating for comparability.

And though it might but change it does give an concept. Supposedly the 4090 achieves a rating of 19,000 while the 3090 presently will get 10,440. That’s an 82% enhance within the efficiency.

Though this will likely change with the discharge and depend upon what they’re paired with. 

Value comparability

This can be a stat we will solely speculate on. As earlier than launch, it’s a quite risky factor that may change proper to the tip.

So the 3090 launched with an MSRP of $1,499USD/£1,399. And that’s prone to be the beginning value level of the 4090 as properly.

It’s prone to price within the vary of $1,499-$1,999USD/£1,399-£1,999. As with improved efficiency, rising prices, and inflation it wouldn’t be a shock to see a rise in the price.

Zotac RTX 3090

ZOTAC Gaming GeForce RTX 3090 Trinity

Clock Velocity

1695MHz Increase Clock (OC)

Thermal Design

IceStorm 2.0 Cooling Resolution

Is the 4090 value it over a 3090?

General, evaluating the 4090 vs 3090 is a tough factor proper now. However for those who do require a lot quick reminiscence for initiatives like rendering and modeling it may be value it.

Though the 3090 will probably maintain up, particularly because it receives reductions earlier than the launch of the following technology. Because the 4090 is prone to enhance in value it may be even much less interesting to a variety of customers.

So though each are prone to be extra premium high-end selections we’ve got to attend and see what the brand new one can obtain.